Saturday, October 11, 2014

Terrestrial Biomes of the Earth



  1. Different biomes and permaculture (Permaculture: A Designer's Manual by Bill Mollison, 14 chapters)
  2. Biomes: temperature and precipitation: Quran factors for vegetation: water, wind, ...
  3. Communities: some species attract the presence of others. This concept can be used in achieving goals.
  4. Holzer permaculture: growing things in cold high altitude climate (local climate)
  5. Mosses: peat moss (habitat, conserve?)
  6. Polar desert?
  7. Underground water in Egypt's deserts, for use in agriculture, can ecology give us a clue on how to best use such resource?
  8. Observation: Many things in biomes are a seasonal, transient, in migration due to changing weather.
  9. Inspiring ideas from ecology to effect rich and resilient human communities.
  10. Birding clues from ecology.
  11. Cold desert: Mongolia (Gabi).
  12. Vegetation (sporadic yet patterned) along desert roads in Egypt.
  13. Tropical rainforest: my dream.
  14. 3% concentration of salt in water of oceans.
  15. Plants to treat water in fisheries (permaculture)
  16. Ecology and the Aswan High Dam.
  17. Ecological understanding of presence of roaches around households.

Interesting Facts

  1. Plants germinating only after fire!
  2. Epiphytes: rooted on the damp upper branches!


  • Biomes: where biogeographers recognize marked differences in the flora and fauna.
  • Biomes grade into one another.
  • Eight terrestrial biomes:
    • distribution
    • relation to annual temperature and precipitation
  • Eight biomes
    • tundra
      • occurs around the Arctic Circle, beyond the tree line
      • permafrost
    • taiga (northern coniferous forest)
      • occupies a broad belt across North America and Eurasia
      • liquid water is unavailable for much of the winter
    • temperate forests
      • range from the mixed conifer and broad-leaved forests of much of North America and northern central Europe to the moist dripping forests of broad-leaved evergreen trees found at the biome’s low latitude limits.
      • there are periods of the year when liquid water is in short supply
    • grassland
      • occupies the drier parts of temperate and tropical regions
      • experience seasonal drought
    • chaparral (maquis)
      • occurs in Mediterranean-type climates
      • mild, wet winters and summer drought
    • desert
      • found in areas that experience extreme water shortage
    • tropical rainforests
      • high solar radiation throughout the year and regular and reliable rainfall
      • is the most productive of the earth’s biomes
    • aquatic biomes
Green tree frog
Green tree frog


  1. It is interesting to know about the different biomes.
  2. Which biomes are better than others?